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Junipero SerraEatified by the Catholic Church and widely celebrated as the man who laid the foundation for modern California But his legacy is divisive The missions Serra founded would devastate California's Native American population and much than his counterparts in colonial America he remains a contentious and contested figure to this daySteven W Hackel's groundbreaking biography Junípero Serra California's Founding Father is the first to remove Serra from the realm of polemic and place him within the currents of history Born into a poor family on the Spanish island of Mallorca Serra joined the Franciscan order and rose to prominence as a priest and professor through his feats of devotion and powers of intellect But he could imagine no greater service to God than converting Indians and in he set off for the new world In Mexico Serra first worked as a missionary to Indians and as an uncompromising agent of the Inuisition He then became an itinerant preacher gaining a reputation as a mesmerizing orator who could inspire enthrall and terrify his audi.
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Ences at will With a potent blend of Franciscan piety and worldly cunning he outmaneuvered Spanish royal officials rival religious orders and avaricious settlers to establish himself as a peerless frontier administrator In the culminating years of his life he extended Spanish dominion north founding and promoting missions in present day San Diego Los Angeles Monterey and San Francisco But even Serra could not overcome the forces massing against him California's military leaders rarely shared his zeal Indians often opposed his efforts and ultimately the missions proved to be cauldrons of disease and discontent Serra in his hope to save souls unwittingly helped bring about the massive decline of California's indigenous populationOn the three hundredth anniversary of Junípero Serra's birth Hackel's complex authoritative biography tells the full story of a man whose life and legacies continue to be both celebrated and denounced Based on exhaustive research and a vivid narrative this is an essential portrait of America's least understood founder.
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Free download Þ Junipero Serra ✓ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ä ➹ [Reading] ➻ Junipero Serra By Steven W. Hackel ➮ – Citybells.co.uk Winner of the Historical Society of Southern California's 2015 Neuerburg Award for the best book on Pre Gold Rush CaliforniaFinalist for the Southern Cal[Reading] Junipero Serra By Steven W. Hackel Citybells.co.uk Winner of the Historical Society of Southern California's 2015 Neuerburg Award for the best book on Pre Gold Rush CaliforniaFinalist for the Southern California Independent Bookseller Association's Be Winner of the Historical Society of Southern California's Neuerburg Award for the best book on Pre Gold Rush CaliforniaFinalist for the Southern California Independent bookseller Association's Best Nonfiction Book of A Zocalo Public Suare Best Nonfiction Book of A portrait of the priest and colonialist who is one of the most important figures in California's historyIn the s just as Britain's American subjects were freeing themselves from the burdens of colonial rule Spaniards moved up the California coast to build frontier outposts of empire and church At the head of this effort was Junípero Serra an ambitious Franciscan who hoped to convert California Indians to Catholicism and turn them into European style farmers For his efforts he has been b.